Monday Briefing – The New York Times | ET REALITY

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The Israeli army yesterday announced a more intense attack on Gaza and warned with increasing “urgency” that Palestinian civilians should move to the southern part of the Gaza Strip.

The army’s top spokesman said Israel was “gradually expanding ground activity and the reach of our forces,” but it was not yet clear how many soldiers had been sent to Gaza since Friday, when Israel began an intensified ground operation. The videos published by the army and geolocated by The Times indicated at least three places where troops had crossed into northern Gaza.

Phone and Internet service in Gaza was disrupted on Friday, but connectivity was partially restored yesterday morning, according to the head of the main Palestinian telecommunications company.

The executive said he suspected Israel had caused the service outage, and two U.S. officials told the Times that the United States believed Israel was responsible for it. Israeli officials declined to comment on the matter.

With winter approaching, Ukrainian officials are desperate for more air defenses to protect power grids from Russian attacks, which could plunge the country into freezing darkness. In fact, they are so desperate that they are willing to experiment with somewhat improvised weapons that combine advanced Western-caliber surface-to-air missiles with repurposed Soviet-era launchers that Ukrainian forces already have.

These so-called Franken weapons were a Ukrainian creation, but are now being pursued by the Pentagon. Two variants have been tested at U.S. military bases and will be delivered to Ukraine this fall, officials said.

A month-long meeting at the Vatican called by Pope Francis to determine the future of the Roman Catholic Church ended this weekend with a document that said it was “urgent” for women to play a greater role. But discussion of important issues, such as the ordination of women as deacons, was postponed and the document did not address outreach to LGBTQ+ Catholics.

The meeting, called the Synod on Synodality, was characterized by liberals and conservatives alike as a potential culmination of Francis’ pontificate and the vehicle through which he could make changes. Rather, it echoed another feature of Francis’ tenure: presenting important issues while seeking to generate deeper support across the global church.

Carry: Progressives who had high hopes that the meeting would create real momentum for change said the final document failed to move the institution.

As richer countries reckon with their aging populations, African nations are experiencing what some experts call a “youthquake.” The average age on the mainland is 19 years old, 20 years younger than in China and the United States. By the 2040s, two in five children worldwide will be born in Africa.

“Experts say this coming tide of humanity will push Africa to the forefront of the most pressing concerns of our time, including climate change, the energy transition and migration,” reports Declan Walsh, who covers Africa for The Times. In a new Times series, Old World, Young Africa, journalists followed young people looking for jobs. They traveled with migrant workers, talked to people who had returned from studying in China, and interviewed young people who challenged aging leaders.

“The world is changing,” Edward Paice, author of “Youthquake: Why African Demographics Should Matter to the World,” told Walsh. “And we have to start reimagining Africa’s place in it.”

Lynsey Chutel, Briefings editor based in Johannesburg

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