Three weapons that both Israel and Ukraine need from the United States | ET REALITY


With his prime-time promise to send more weapons to both Ukraine and Israel, President Biden sought to make clear Thursday that the United States was not prioritizing one war over the other.

But hours earlier, a Defense Department official said tens of thousands of 155-millimeter artillery shells promised to Ukraine would be diverted to Israel.

The projectiles are an example of U.S. weapons that officials and experts say are needed in both wars, potentially testing the U.S. ability to meet demand. This will be especially true if Israel’s expected ground offensive in Gaza, in response to Hamas attacks, lasts for months.

“We will probably see a steady flow of weapons into Israel,” Sabrina Singh, deputy Pentagon spokeswoman, said last week.

Some of those shipments could include the same types of artillery and bombs that Ukraine has relied on in its own 20-month ground war to defend its territory from Russia.

For the most part, Ukraine and Israel are fighting different types of wars and have different capabilities and needs, according to current and former U.S. congressional and national security officials.

In recent months, Ukraine’s counteroffensive has faced stiff resistance from Russian mines, trenches and other defenses, and the devastating artillery campaign has become a war of attrition.

Israel is preparing to launch a very different kind of ground war: an urban fight in the densely populated Gaza Strip, which has been hit by Israeli airstrikes since the Hamas attacks on October 7.

“There will be very little overlap between what we give to Israel and what we give to Ukraine,” said Michael J. Morell, former deputy director of the Central Intelligence Agency. said last week.

Ukraine is set to receive about $61 billion in new military aid, more than half of a $105 billion emergency package of mostly foreign assistance that Biden wants Congress to approve. Israel, whose military is much better equipped than Ukraine’s, would receive about $14 billion for its air and missile defenses in the proposal, which the White House announced Friday.

Still, with global stockpiles of 155-millimeter projectiles and other weapons systems already depleted, and manufacturers struggling to meet demand, “there will be trade-offs” in the supply of both wars the longer they last, said Mark F. Cancian, a Former White House weapons strategist who is now a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington. wrote in an analysis.

Here are three key weapons systems that Israel and Ukraine may need from the United States.

Perhaps more than any other weapon, the NATO-standard 155-millimeter projectiles will be in high demand, as both Israel and Ukraine use them against targets within a few dozen miles.

The United States has sent Ukraine more than two million 155-millimeter rounds and Europe has delivered hundreds of thousands more since the Russian invasion in February 2022. But Western military stockpiles are now approaching the “bottom of the barrel,” a US military official said. senior official at the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Admiral Rob Bauer of the Netherlands, said recently.

In January, the Pentagon said it would tap into a U.S. arsenal in Israel and send hundreds of thousands of 155-millimeter projectiles to Ukraine. The arsenal is located in Israel, the closest American ally in the Middle East, to quickly supply weapons to the entire region when needed.

About half of the shells stored in Israel were shipped last winter. The Pentagon now plans to redirect at least some of the remainder to Israel’s military, the Defense Department official said.

Maj. Charlie Dietz, a Pentagon spokesman, declined to discuss the details of any ammunition transfer, but said the top U.S. priority “was to ensure that Israel has the resources it needs during this time.”

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